Research in Wildlife Conservation and Management often focuses on the life histories of mammals, birds, and other terrestrial organisms, as well as their interrelationships with each other, with humans, and with the physical environment. Ecological information of this kind is used by wildlife managers and scientists to identify factors that influence survival and productivity of species of management concern, and to develop strategies for maintaining species diversity, improving conditions for declining and endangered species, managing populations that are hunted, mitigating for human-caused damage to terrestrial systems, and coordinating with other resource managers to maintain environmental quality. Current research projects conducted by faculty and graduate students in this program cover a broad range of subjects, from development of biological and sociological underpinnings for sustainable small scale fisheries in the Gulf of California to development of monitoring strategies for lesser long-nosed bats and jaguars. Many current research projects also focus on identifying how environmental changes influence species of interest. Specific projects include assessments of human activity on Sonoran pronghorn, exotic species and changes in forest structure on Mount Graham red squirrels, exotic grasses on the demography of desert tortoises, and urbanization on birds.